Q1. As of now, which materials are used to manufacture disposable Communion cups? Are such materials hazardous?
A1:On a global scale, the majority of disposable Communion cups are made of polystyrene (PS), a common plastic polymer. Compared to analogous materials like polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), polystyrene(PS) is cheap and has a high transparency. However, PS is harder to recycle and, upon incineration, releases several toxic chemicals, including styrene, benzene, and carbon monoxide, as well as traces of toluene, methane, and ethylene. Styrene, the precursor monomer of polystyrene, is known to increase the risk of cancer, cause damage to the nervous system, and engender birth defects. Field experts have identified styrene as a highly hazardous chemical that, through inhibiting the central nervous system, may potentially cause liver and kidney damage. Generally, unless the polymerization of PS reaches 100% efficiency, traces of styrene residue will be present in any PS product, which may be released in its toxic gaseous form at the increase in temperature. PS may also release toxins when immersed in liquids. As of now, WHO has confirmed PS to be a carcinogen; the European Union has likewise confirmed this and is considering banning PS receptacles entirely.
As of 2012:
- EU members Sweden and Denmark have urged the recognition of styrene as a critical raw material (CRM).
- The World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized styrene as a “potential carcinogen”.
- The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has recognized styrene as a hazardous air pollutant.
- The American Society of Toxicology, in their 12th revision of their Report on Carcinogens (ROC), stated that “styrene may potentially cause cancer in humans”
- ICIS Chemical Business. Styrene outlook positive BUT BEWARE, 2011.
- ECHA. European Chemical Agency News Alcert: By Committee for risk assessment(RAC) Helsinki,” Concerns around Styrene-Damaging the Unborn Child”, 2012. (3). Nicholas D. Kristof, The Cancer Lobby(Concerns on Styrene & Formal dehyde). The New York Times, 21st Oct. 2012
Q2.Many corporations use polyactide (PLA) as their main ingredient in manufacturing biodegradable plastic products. Why is it that habrit does not employ such a material for its products?
A2.We do not use polyactide (PLA) for manufacturing our products due to three distinct reasons with our subjective opinions. The first reason relates to its erroneous origin, while the second relates to PLA’s actual recyclability as a biodegradable material. For our first argument, PLA is generally derived from two renewable resources, the first being genetically-modified corn and the latter being organic tapioca roots or sugarcane. Due to material costs, most of the processed corn used to manufacture PLA products in Taiwan is currently sourced from American GM company. Although the polycondensation process during PLA production eliminates all traces of genetic modification of the corn crops, we do not wish to indirectly support GM companies by sourcing our raw materials from them. We believe that such a decision would contradict God’s Creation and natural order. For our second argument, even though PLA products will naturally degrade under normal conditions, its main ingredient (polyactide) will likewise cause regular plastic to undergo biodegradation when mixed with PLA. Should such mixing occur in plastic recycling plants, it will severely decrease the overall recyclability of normal plastic. Although it is possible for the recycling plants in Taiwan to install high-level optic processers that can identify and separate PLA from regular plastic, none will be willing to make such a costly investment without government support funds. So to, in Taiwanese recycling plants, close to all PLA waste products are simply incinerated: a forced solution that is both wasteful and non-environmental. Thirdly, there is the concern of contending with the impoverished for cultivable land and food supply. Though some European PLA suppliers produce products that do not contain GMO, but to contend with the poor for the use of limited cultivable land and food resources still raise serious concerns. As the conditions of global warming and climate change worsen, the impact on food shortages for the poor population will only increase. Of course, PLA might be very good in other products application. Here we just explain why we don't use it with subjective opinions since many clients asked for this issue.
We ever made PLA communion cups but later we let go it based on the arguments above
Q3.What material does habrit use to manufacture its Communion cups?
A3.habrit Communion cups are made of polypropylene (PP), one of the safest plastic polymers so far in the chemical industry. The repeating unit of polypropylene is composed of 3 consecutive carbon atoms; as 3 is the most stable number for chemical compounds, PP scarcely reacts with any other chemicals. PP is also acid-resistant, so our Communion cups will have no problem holding grape juice or wine. For the exact same reasons, the vast majority of microwavable plastic receptacles are composed of PP plastic. PP is also liable to chain degradation from exposure to heat or UV radiation, and has a high recyclability. Moreover, habrit sources the highest grade of PP and manufactures its Communion cups in cleanrooms in Taiwan, exceeding SGS regulations by having no plasticizer residue in its products. Thus, we believe that by sourcing PP as the material for our Communion cups, we are providing the safe, healthy and environmentally friendly vessels for those who seek to honor the Communion of Christ.
Q4.What is the maximum heat of habrit communion cups? Can it washed by dishwasher?
A4.Maximum heat of our cup tolerance is 80 Celsius degree. If previous user had flu. and without professional high temperture sterilization, next user might infected. therefore, we strongly do not recommend the cups washed in dishwasher or dish dryer and use again.
Q5.Can habrit communion cups filler washed by dishwasher or dish dyer?
A5.This product’s maximum heat tolerance is 90 degrees Celsius . To avoid any deformation to this product, dishwasher and dish dyer are not allowed to used. The whole body of this filler is made of Tritan plastics, No BPA (Bisphenol A) dissolution and plasticizers remained. Also in compliance with SGS regulations in Taiwan, SGS certificates Policy no: CT2015B0528 Even the small detail, the nozzle part, we use food level silicon instead of industrial black rubber.
Q6.What does that mean in Hebrew on habrit box?
Q7.The crosses imprinted on some of the breadpieces are not perfectly centered. Are these breadpieces defective?
A7.The breadpieces are not defective, but should rather serve as a reminder that every believer must carry his or her individual cross, and that we obtain both strength and relief through Christ. All breadpieces are handmade in ancient way via a five day process and contain no preservatives..